Doha, the capital of Qatar hosted historic agreement between the United States of America and the Taliban: the main insurgent group fighting against the government and American troops in Afghanistan. The U.S representative Zalmay Khalilzad and Taliban representative Abdul Ghani Baradan signed the agreement in Doha on 29th February 2020. The long-awaited agreement includes a timeline of 14 months for all U.S and NATO troops to withdraw from Afghanistan. The Taliban guaranteeing that Afghan soil will not be use to threaten U.S security and start negotiations with Afghanistan’s official government by March 10 which may lead to a permanent truce.
Afghanistan is considered one of the poorest and insecure nations where terrorism and conflicts disrupt its development. Afghanistan was ruled by many empires, invaded by many military powers and was in control of modern great powers, but nobody could stay longer in there, whereas it’s considered as the graveyard of empires as Afghan was a notoriously difficult country to govern. The Afghan valley had innumerable bloodshed through the centuries: The Indians, Persians, Turks, various central Asians, The Brits, Soviet Union portrayed the history of Afghan till the 21st century. The outlanders frequently invaded and militarized tribes and troops in Afghanistan, the Taliban – A Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political movement and military organization in Afghanistan were the organizations that highly benefited from the United States to outroot the Soviets from Afghanistan. Through this movement, which was supported by the U.S and Western nations the Soviets were pulled out from Afghanistan which led the Taliban to form the government. But the atmosphere soon altered as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan formed by the Taliban became a host of Islamic extremists and terrorists. The United States declared war against Afghanistan and started the invasion soon after they sheltered Osama bin Laden in connection with the 9/11 attack.
Although the U.S kicked out the Taliban government and formed an alternate government in Afghanistan, the Taliban resurged and remained as a headache for U.S and NATO troops. Military support from Pakistan and the flow of money from Saudi Arabia helped the Taliban take back large areas in Afghanistan. The war between the U.S and Taliban lasted 18 years, a lot of homicides happened on both sides and the U.S spent a lot of money in Afghanistan and Pakistan for their mission. Osama bin Laden was caught and killed in Pakistan in 2011, which led them to seek peace in Afghanistan. When Donald Trump was sworn in as U.S president he started to talk with the Taliban in Qatar, both agreed to come up with a peace deal. The U.S was fed up with this endless conflict and the Taliban was at risk from new extremist organizations like Islamic State.
The deal, without the participation of the official government of Afghanistan, raised a lot of questions, particularly the decision to release Taliban prisoners from the Afghan jail. President Ashraf Gani expressed his disappointment openly, even a day after truce signed a major blast took place in Kabul. The Associated Press reported that the gunman opened fire at a gathering, killing at least 32 and injuring more. Despite Islamic State – Khorasan claims of responsibility for the attack, the U.S. conducted an airstrike on the Taliban region when the deal active, but talks are being forwarded with more negotiations.