Human development is deeply related to migration. Numerous times there did a stream of people in distinctive ways. The social, economical, political and geographical components are considered as the factors to this flow. The year 2020 is turning the world upside down, major economies are trembled by the COVID19 and various nations are in lockdown which makes influence migrants badly. The predictions for migrations made by trends in the 2010s are becoming debris; the pattern of human flow seen in the last two decades disrupted by the virus. Recession, unemployment, insufficiency and inadequate medical policies are becoming a challenge even for developed nations. Immigrants and asylum seekers are the risk-takers in these lands; now the question is, what will be the trend of migrations from the 2020s?
According to the World Migration Report (2020) by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), around 3.5% of the global population immigrated in the previous year. Unsurprisingly, a nation like India with a large young population has the most emigrants, almost 18 Million Indians migrated internationally mostly regarded with economic circumstances. India followed by Mexico, China, and the Russian Federation; the first destination for migrants was the United States. Hosting approximately 51 Million emigrants the United States holds the first position followed by Germany, Saudi Arabia, Russia, and the United Kingdom. Last decade’s trend was Mexican emigration to the USA; Indians, and Chinese often choose the USA as their destination and North African immigrants preferred Europe, and South Asians rushed to the rich Arabian Gulf countries. Oppressive effect by the COVID 19 in the U.S and Western Europe caused the deflating economy and crucial social situation. The major destination of migrants, oil-rich middle-east countries are suffering from oil price drop and economic arrests.
Some experts pointed out that the chance of globalization after COVID19 will not be similar to the last decades. Nations will focus more on production and domestic markets, therefore all are expecting more skilled people to migrate after the COVID19. The need for professional and technically skilled workers will increase in the United States and Western Europe. Even if there are opposition views that may arise, the migration of doctors and health workers will increase with no doubt as nations started to investigate the pitfalls in the social and health sector to prevent future crises and difficulties. But it will be hard for untrained employees and other migrants as the economic collapse will reduce the construction, mining, and oil production. This scenario will form job insecurity in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, for their middle-east immigration and Africa’s hope in Europe, and Latin American migration to the United States.
Another widespread immigration in the last decade prompted by politics, by war and domestic struggles. Syrians flee to Turkey and Europe made headlines, favored and opposed views on migration steered Europe’s politics too. Besides Syria, the internal conflict in Venezuela created issues in neighboring Latin American countries and Afghans migrations to Pakistan and Iran are similar as well. Even though these are facts, they all depend upon how long the COVID19 persists.