In the history of humankind, numerous empires, kingdoms, republics, and microstates were developed across continents. The development of nations and their breakdowns are associated with varying ethnicity, geographical, environmental, linguistic, and economic factors. Moreover, in the last century, we witnessed the establishment of the Soviet Union, Republic of India, People’s Republic of China by combining different lands. Talking of downfalls, we witnessed the collapse of the Soviet Union, Yugoslavia, and the British empire into numerous sovereign states. It’s a principle that is concocted along with the time since the development of society. When we study history, the majority of developments and collapses of states can be linked to some key incidents, the World Wars of the last century caused the fall of British and French empires, which lead the emergence of their colonized states in Africa and Asia as sovereign states. As a result of World War II, the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union divided the entire world nations as allies and opponents.
After the fall of Soviet Russia, Yugoslavia, and the formation of new countries – For the last 30 years, there are 7 new countries formed; after 2000(yes, Y2K) only 4 countries Timor Leste(2002), Montenegro(2005), Serbia(2005) and South Sudan(2011) received United Nations recognition, all of them formed through separation from parent-states. Even though Russia helped to develop countries from old Soviet Union republics like Abkhazia, South Ossetia from Georgia, and Transnistria from Moldova they failed to obtain United Nations recognition. Kosovo declared its independence in 2008 and became a member of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Olympic Committee (IOC) and Union of European Football Association(UEFA), they still didn’t receive recognition from the United Nation. International recognition and economic stability are some of the crucial elements driving the state’s reputation in the 21st-century. Economic reliance and European Union aspirations were the root tendency behind Catalonia and the Scottish referendum; the Kurdistan movement from Iraq and Hong Kong tension in China have similar intentions whereas they were more economically stable than their parent country. COVID19 spread surely affected the uncertainty in Catalonia, the Scotland movement will encounter a deep economic crisis due to the graver circumstances in Spain and EU, the organization is already in a feud with nationalists and international trade struggle.
Even though the frequency – development of sovereign states is comparatively lower, the number of autonomous states is increasing. Hong Kong, Macau in China, Northern Ireland in the United Kingdom, are some examples of states formed on various arrangements in the last thirty year, the list is remarkably long as many nations have more exceeding autonomous states or provinces formed in the 21st century and the level of autonomy is further risen by many nations like Denmark. Through this process, autonomous states can shield their large domestic markets, preserve their fidelity, and parent nations can preserve their territories, as the system seems more extended to explore the disadvantages of globalization and regard the self-sustainability of the larger domestic market. United Nations recognition has become whimsical and organizations like the European Union, their membership privileges and reliance are the factors influencing the formation states in Europe.
This condition, COVID 19 spreads – kills – and hitting every system, the good news is the faith in the research for remedies wherein the darker side is its uncertainty. The world economy has started collapsing, people are acquiring new lifestyles to live with the virus, the predictions and foresight are remaining prophecies. These elements are going to affect meager GDP even though their hurts are trivial compared to huge GDP, global businesses are in struggle and public debts are rising, these factors will develop a desire to associate with grown-up economies and the grown-up economies look towards the preservation of the domestic market. The Indian government’s circular to use more domestic products in their employee canteens which helps their domestic production and prospect. Many nations are demanding a halt to obscured globalization, some experts believe that this will influence the geopolitics of the entire system. The chances of new sovereign micronations getting weaker, the chance of formation of the union states that are about to extinct as there were no such intentions risen after the 1950s.